to determine if your child needs emergent literacy assistance:
If your child has one of the following
conditions, he/she may need emergent literacy assistance:
weak muscles around the mouth
cleft lip or palate
In order to identify problems early, talk naturally to your child
and take time to listen to him/her. Respond to your child so that
he/she knows you have been listening. Accept some speech mistakes
as your child develops. Have your child's hearing tested if you
find you have to repeat a lot or have to talk loudly to get your
child's attention. Seek professional help from an ASHA-certified
audiologist or ASHA-certified speech-language therapist if you're
unsure. ASHA-certified audiologists and speech-language therapists
have completed their master's or doctoral degree and have earned
ASHA's Certificate of Clinical Competence (CCC). For more information,
visit the ASHA
(American Speech and Hearing Association) website.
Speech-language therapists and audiologists work in many different
types of facilities such as:
Public and private schools
State and local health departments
Here are a few examples of emergent
literacy problems a speech therapist can help correct:
Articulation disorders: if your
child is having trouble saying certain words correctly. For example,
when he/she says "won" instead
of "run", or "sue" instead of "shoe".
Although small kids often have trouble saying words, older kids
who still have trouble may need emergent literacy assistance.
Fluency disorders: if your child repeats certain sounds, making
it hard to complete a word, he/she may have a fluency disorder.
For example, when he/she says the word "shoe", he/she
may get stuck on the "sh" and say "sh-sh-sh-shoe".
Or he/she may draw out certain sounds and say "ssssssshoe".
Kids who stutter have fluency disorders. There is a normal period
of stuttering (from about ages 2 to 5), but after that time kids
may need emergent literacy assistance.
Resonance or voice disorders: if
people have trouble hearing your child, it may be the result of
a voice disorder. He/she may start a sentence loud and clear, but
be quiet and mumbling by the end of it. Sometimes kids sound like
they have a cold or almost sound like they're talking through their
noses. These are examples of voice disorders that require emergent
literacy assistance .
Language disorders: if your child
is having trouble understanding people when they talk to him/her
or if he/she is having trouble putting words together to express
his/her thoughts, he/she may need emergent literacy assistance.
Never wait to get help for your child if you suspect a problem.
Early identification and treatment of hearing, speech, and language
disorders can prevent problems with behavior, learning, reading,
and social interactions.
Audiologist: Audiologists are hearing care professionals who
specialize in prevention, identification, and assessment of hearing
and related disorders and provide assistive devices for emergent
Speech-language therapist (a.k.a. pathologist): Speech-language
therapists help people develop their communication abilities as
well as treat speech, languages, swallowing, and voice disorders.
Their services include prevention, identification, evaluation,
treatment, and emergent literacy assistance.